Seeds & Trees
Take the time to plan your planting activities - tree storage, transportation, stock handling, etc. Planning is an important aspect that many landowners overlook. It is important to realize that from the time seedlings are lifted from the nursery bed to the time they are planted they are subjected to considerable stress. Advance planning and proper tree care are essential to the survival and growth of the trees.
In addition to the following tips on seedling storage and handling, it is recommended that you obtain copies of the extension notes listed at the end of this section for more detailed planting information.
Storage and handling tips
Determining Tree Spacing
Tree spacing will affect the form and development of the tree in later years. Wider spacing will lead to the development of larger branching and large crown development (favourable for maple syrup production). On the other hand, closer spacing will more quickly capture the site and shade out competition from other plants, maximize your planting site and will induce natural pruning (traits advantageous to conifer sawlog and pulpwood production). Most plantations will require a number of thinnings to ensure that the trees have enough light to continue growing vigorously. Closely spaced trees will require thinning before the trees are large enough to sell, adding to your management costs (refer to Table #1). Your long-term objectives (e.g,. timber production, Christmas trees or an orchard for maple syrup production) and the tree species being planted will help to determine the proper spacing.
As part of the planning process, you will need to find out how many trees can be accommodated on the planting site. The following formula will assist you in calculating the number of trees required for your planting project.
row spacing(metres) X tree spacing (metres)
= trees / ha
For quick reference, the table below provides several traditional spacing regimes and the number of trees required to plant a given area (per acre or hectare).
Table 1 : Number of Trees Planted
Commonly used spacing in conifer plantings.
Need more information?
For comprehensive advice about choosing the right tree for your planting site, refer to the guide A Landowner's Guide to Putting Down Roots - Choosing the Right Tree.
Additional information about tree planting is available in a series of extension notes from the LandOwner Resource Centre. This information is available on-line or copies of the following extension notes can be obtained by calling the LRC at (613) 692-2390.